NIST Special Publication 800-53 (Rev. 4)

Security and Privacy Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations

PE-6 MONITORING PHYSICAL ACCESS

Family:
Physical and Environmental Protection
Class:
Priority:
P1 - Implement P1 security controls first.
Baseline Allocation:
Low Moderate High
PE-6
PE-6 (1)
PE-6 (1) (4)

Control Description

The organization:

a. Monitors physical access to the facility where the information system resides to detect and respond to physical security incidents;

b. Reviews physical access logs [Assignment: organization-defined frequency] and upon occurrence of [Assignment: organization-defined events or potential indications of events]; and

c. Coordinates results of reviews and investigations with the organizational incident response capability.

Supplemental Guidance

Organizational incident response capabilities include investigations of and responses to detected physical security incidents. Security incidents include, for example, apparent security violations or suspicious physical access activities. Suspicious physical access activities include, for example: (i) accesses outside of normal work hours; (ii) repeated accesses to areas not normally accessed; (iii) accesses for unusual lengths of time; and (iv) out-of-sequence accesses.

Related to: CA-7IR-4IR-8

Control Enhancements

PE-6 (1) MONITORING PHYSICAL ACCESS | INTRUSION ALARMS / SURVEILLANCE EQUIPMENT
The organization monitors physical intrusion alarms and surveillance equipment.
PE-6 (2) MONITORING PHYSICAL ACCESS | AUTOMATED INTRUSION RECOGNITION / RESPONSES
The organization employs automated mechanisms to recognize [Assignment: organization-defined classes/types of intrusions] and initiate [Assignment: organization-defined response actions].
Supplemental Guidance: Related to: SI-4
PE-6 (3) MONITORING PHYSICAL ACCESS | VIDEO SURVEILLANCE
The organization employs video surveillance of [Assignment: organization-defined operational areas] and retains video recordings for [Assignment: organization-defined time period].
Supplemental Guidance: This control enhancement focuses on recording surveillance video for purposes of subsequent review, if circumstances so warrant (e.g., a break-in detected by other means). It does not require monitoring surveillance video although organizations may choose to do so. Note that there may be legal considerations when performing and retaining video surveillance, especially if such surveillance is in a public location.
PE-6 (4) MONITORING PHYSICAL ACCESS | MONITORING PHYSICAL ACCESS TO INFORMATION SYSTEMS
The organization monitors physical access to the information system in addition to the physical access monitoring of the facility as [Assignment: organization-defined physical spaces containing one or more components of the information system].
Supplemental Guidance: This control enhancement provides additional monitoring for those areas within facilities where there is a concentration of information system components (e.g., server rooms, media storage areas, communications centers).
Related to: PS-2PS-3

References

None.