National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability
Database

CVE-2017-8413 Detail

Current Description

An issue was discovered on D-Link DCS-1100 and DCS-1130 devices. The device runs a custom daemon on UDP port 5978 which is called "dldps2121" and listens for broadcast packets sent on 255.255.255.255. This daemon handles custom D-Link UDP based protocol that allows D-Link mobile applications and desktop applications to discover D-Link devices on the local network. The binary processes the received UDP packets sent from any device in "main" function. One path in the function traverses towards a block of code that handles commands to be executed on the device. The custom protocol created by D-Link follows the following pattern: Packetlen, Type of packet; M=MAC address of device or broadcast; D=Device Type;C=base64 encoded command string;test=1111. If a packet is received with the packet type being "S" or 0x53 then the string passed in the "C" parameter is base64 decoded and then executed by passing into a System API. We can see at address 0x00009B44 that the string received in packet type subtracts 0x31 or "1" from the packet type and is compared against 0x22 or "double quotes". If that is the case, then the packet is sent towards the block of code that executes a command. Then the value stored in "C" parameter is extracted at address 0x0000A1B0. Finally, the string received is base 64 decoded and passed on to the system API at address 0x0000A2A8 as shown below. The same form of communication can be initiated by any process including an attacker process on the mobile phone or the desktop and this allows a third-party application on the device to execute commands on the device without any authentication by sending just 1 UDP packet with custom base64 encoding.

Source:  MITRE
View Analysis Description

Impact

CVSS v3.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 8.8 HIGH
Vector: AV:A/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H (V3 legend)
Impact Score: 5.9
Exploitability Score: 2.8


Attack Vector (AV): Adjacent
Attack Complexity (AC): Low
Privileges Required (PR): None
User Interaction (UI): None
Scope (S): Unchanged
Confidentiality (C): High
Integrity (I): High
Availability (A): High

CVSS v2.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 8.3 HIGH
Vector: (AV:A/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C) (V2 legend)
Impact Subscore: 10.0
Exploitability Subscore: 6.5


Access Vector (AV): Local_Network
Access Complexity (AC): Low
Authentication (AU): None
Confidentiality (C): Complete
Integrity (I): Complete
Availability (A): Complete
Additional Information:
Allows unauthorized disclosure of information
Allows unauthorized modification
Allows disruption of service

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/153226/Dlink-DCS-1130-Command-Injection-CSRF-Stack-Overflow.html Third Party Advisory VDB Entry
https://github.com/ethanhunnt/IoT_vulnerabilities/blob/master/Dlink_DCS_1130_security.pdf Not Applicable Third Party Advisory
https://seclists.org/bugtraq/2019/Jun/8 Mailing List Third Party Advisory

Technical Details

Vulnerability Type (View All)

  • Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in a Command ('Command Injection') (CWE-77)

Known Affected Software Configurations Switch to CPE 2.2

Configuration 1 ( hide )
 cpe:2.3:o:dlink:dcs-1130_firmware:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)
Running on/with
 cpe:2.3:h:dlink:dcs-1130:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)

Configuration 2 ( hide )
 cpe:2.3:o:dlink:dcs-1100_firmware:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)
Running on/with
 cpe:2.3:h:dlink:dcs-1100:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)


Change History

1 change record found - show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2017-8413
NVD Published Date:
07/02/2019
NVD Last Modified:
07/10/2019