National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability
Database

CVE-2018-18068 Detail

Current Description

The ARM-based hardware debugging feature on Raspberry Pi 3 module B+ and possibly other devices allows non-secure EL1 code to read/write any EL3 (the highest privilege level in ARMv8) memory/register via inter-processor debugging. With a debug host processor A running in non-secure EL1 and a debug target processor B running in any privilege level, the debugging feature allows A to halt B and promote B to any privilege level. As a debug host, A has full control of B even if B owns a higher privilege level than A. Accordingly, A can read/write any EL3 memory/register via B. Also, with this memory access, A can execute arbitrary code in EL3.

Source:  MITRE
View Analysis Description

Impact

CVSS v3.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 9.8 CRITICAL
Vector: AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H (V3 legend)
Impact Score: 5.9
Exploitability Score: 3.9


Attack Vector (AV): Network
Attack Complexity (AC): Low
Privileges Required (PR): None
User Interaction (UI): None
Scope (S): Unchanged
Confidentiality (C): High
Integrity (I): High
Availability (A): High

CVSS v2.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 10.0 HIGH
Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C) (V2 legend)
Impact Subscore: 10.0
Exploitability Subscore: 10.0


Access Vector (AV): Network
Access Complexity (AC): Low
Authentication (AU): None
Confidentiality (C): Complete
Integrity (I): Complete
Availability (A): Complete
Additional Information:
Allows unauthorized disclosure of information
Allows unauthorized modification
Allows disruption of service

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
http://www.cs.wayne.edu/fengwei/paper/nailgun-sp19.pdf Exploit Technical Description Third Party Advisory
https://www.computer.org/csdl/proceedings-article/sp/2019/666000b157/17D45WHONhv Third Party Advisory

Technical Details

Vulnerability Type (View All)

  • Permissions, Privileges, and Access Control (CWE-264)

Known Affected Software Configurations Switch to CPE 2.2

Configuration 1 ( hide )
 cpe:2.3:o:raspberrypi:raspberry_pi_3_model_b\+_firmware:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)
Running on/with
 cpe:2.3:h:raspberrypi:raspberry_pi_3_model_b\+:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)


Change History

1 change record found - show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2018-18068
NVD Published Date:
04/04/2019
NVD Last Modified:
04/10/2019