National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability
Database

CVE-2019-0232 Detail

Current Description

When running on Windows with enableCmdLineArguments enabled, the CGI Servlet in Apache Tomcat 9.0.0.M1 to 9.0.17, 8.5.0 to 8.5.39 and 7.0.0 to 7.0.93 is vulnerable to Remote Code Execution due to a bug in the way the JRE passes command line arguments to Windows. The CGI Servlet is disabled by default. The CGI option enableCmdLineArguments is disable by default in Tomcat 9.0.x (and will be disabled by default in all versions in response to this vulnerability). For a detailed explanation of the JRE behaviour, see Markus Wulftange's blog (https://codewhitesec.blogspot.com/2016/02/java-and-command-line-injections-in-windows.html) and this archived MSDN blog (https://web.archive.org/web/20161228144344/https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/twistylittlepassagesallalike/2011/04/23/everyone-quotes-command-line-arguments-the-wrong-way/).

Source:  MITRE
View Analysis Description

Impact

CVSS v3.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 8.1 HIGH
Vector: AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H (V3 legend)
Impact Score: 5.9
Exploitability Score: 2.2


Attack Vector (AV): Network
Attack Complexity (AC): High
Privileges Required (PR): None
User Interaction (UI): None
Scope (S): Unchanged
Confidentiality (C): High
Integrity (I): High
Availability (A): High

CVSS v2.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 9.3 HIGH
Vector: (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C) (V2 legend)
Impact Subscore: 10.0
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6


Access Vector (AV): Network
Access Complexity (AC): Medium
Authentication (AU): None
Confidentiality (C): Complete
Integrity (I): Complete
Availability (A): Complete
Additional Information:
Allows unauthorized disclosure of information
Allows unauthorized modification
Allows disruption of service

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/153506/Apache-Tomcat-CGIServlet-enableCmdLineArguments-Remote-Code-Execution.html
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2019/May/4
http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/107906 Third Party Advisory VDB Entry
https://access.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2019:1712
https://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/uncovering-cve-2019-0232-a-remote-code-execution-vulnerability-in-apache-tomcat/
https://codewhitesec.blogspot.com/2016/02/java-and-command-line-injections-in-windows.html Third Party Advisory
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/1dd0a59c1295cc08ce4c9e7edae5ad2268acc9ba55adcefa0532e5ba@%3Cdev.tomcat.apache.org%3E Mailing List Vendor Advisory
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/3d19773b4cf0377db62d1e9328bf9160bf1819f04f988315086931d7@%3Cdev.tomcat.apache.org%3E Mailing List Vendor Advisory
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/52ffb9fbf661245386a83a661183d13f1de2e5779fa23837a08e02ac@%3Ccommits.ofbiz.apache.org%3E Mailing List Mitigation Vendor Advisory
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/5f297a4b9080b5f65a05bc139596d0e437d6a539b25e31d29d028767@%3Cannounce.tomcat.apache.org%3E Mailing List Mitigation Vendor Advisory
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/673b6148d92cd7bc99ea2dcf85ad75d57da44fc322d51f37fb529a2a@%3Ccommits.ofbiz.apache.org%3E Mailing List Mitigation Vendor Advisory
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/6af47120905aa7d8fe12f42e8ff2284fb338ba141d3b77b8c7cb61b3@%3Cdev.tomcat.apache.org%3E Mailing List Vendor Advisory
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/96849486813a95dfd542e1618b7923ca945508aaf4a4341f674d83e3@%3Cnotifications.ofbiz.apache.org%3E Mailing List Vendor Advisory
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/a6c87a09a71162fd563ab1c4e70a08a103e0b7c199fc391f1c9c4c35@%3Ccommits.ofbiz.apache.org%3E Mailing List Mitigation Vendor Advisory
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/dd4b325cdb261183dbf5ce913c102920a8f09c26dae666a98309165b@%3Cnotifications.ofbiz.apache.org%3E Mailing List Vendor Advisory
https://lists.apache.org/thread.html/f4d48b32ef2b6aa49c8830241a9475da5b46e451f964b291c7a0a715@%3Cdev.tomcat.apache.org%3E Mailing List Vendor Advisory
https://security.netapp.com/advisory/ntap-20190419-0001/ Third Party Advisory
https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/viewAlert.x?alertId=60004&vs_f=Alert%20RSS&vs_cat=Security%20Intelligence&vs_type=RSS&vs_p=Apache%20Tomcat%20CGI%20Servlet%20Arbitrary%20Code%20Execution%20Vulnerability&vs_k=1 Third Party Advisory
https://web.archive.org/web/20161228144344/https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/twistylittlepassagesallalike/2011/04/23/everyone-quotes-command-line-arguments-the-wrong-way/ Third Party Advisory
https://www.broadcom.com/support/fibre-channel-networking/security-advisories/brocade-security-advisory-2019-784 Technical Description
https://www.oracle.com/technetwork/security-advisory/cpujul2019-5072835.html
https://www.synology.com/security/advisory/Synology_SA_19_17
https://wwws.nightwatchcybersecurity.com/2019/04/30/remote-code-execution-rce-in-cgi-servlet-apache-tomcat-on-windows-cve-2019-0232/

Technical Details

Vulnerability Type (View All)

  • Improper Input Validation (CWE-20)

Known Affected Software Configurations Switch to CPE 2.3

Configuration 1 ( hide )
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat
     Show Matching CPE(s)
From (including)
7.0.0
Up to (including)
7.0.93
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat
     Show Matching CPE(s)
From (including)
8.5.0
Up to (including)
8.5.39
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m1
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m10
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m11
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m12
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m13
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m14
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m15
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m16
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m17
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m18
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m19
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m2
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m20
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m21
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m22
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m23
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m24
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m25
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m26
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m3
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m4
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m5
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m6
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m7
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m8
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat:9.0.0:m9
     Show Matching CPE(s)
 cpe:/a:apache:tomcat
     Show Matching CPE(s)
From (including)
9.0.1
Up to (including)
9.0.17
Running on/with
 cpe:/o:microsoft:windows:-
     Show Matching CPE(s)


Change History

15 change records found - show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2019-0232
NVD Published Date:
04/15/2019
NVD Last Modified:
06/01/2019