National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability
Database

CVE-2019-12511 Detail

Current Description

In NETGEAR Nighthawk X10-R9000 prior to 1.0.4.26, an attacker may execute arbitrary system commands as root by sending a specially-crafted MAC address to the "NETGEAR Genie" SOAP endpoint at AdvancedQoS:GetCurrentBandwidthByMAC. Although this requires QoS being enabled, advanced QoS being enabled, and a valid authentication JWT, additional vulnerabilities (CVE-2019-12510) allow an attacker to interact with the entire SOAP API without authentication. Additionally, DNS rebinding techniques may be used to exploit this vulnerability remotely. Exploiting this vulnerability is somewhat involved. The following limitations apply to the payload and must be overcome for successful exploitation: - No more than 17 characters may be used. - At least one colon must be included to prevent mangling. - A single-quote and meta-character must be used to break out of the existing command. - Parent command remnants after the injection point must be dealt with. - The payload must be in all-caps. Despite these limitations, it is still possible to gain access to an interactive root shell via this vulnerability. Since the web server assigns certain HTTP headers to environment variables with all-caps names, it is possible to insert a payload into one such header and reference the subsequent environment variable in the injection point.

Source:  MITRE
View Analysis Description

Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score: 9.8 CRITICAL
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

By selecting these links, you will be leaving NIST webspace. We have provided these links to other web sites because they may have information that would be of interest to you. No inferences should be drawn on account of other sites being referenced, or not, from this page. There may be other web sites that are more appropriate for your purpose. NIST does not necessarily endorse the views expressed, or concur with the facts presented on these sites. Further, NIST does not endorse any commercial products that may be mentioned on these sites. Please address comments about this page to nvd@nist.gov.

Hyperlink Resource
https://www.ise.io/casestudies/sohopelessly-broken-2-0/ Exploit Third Party Advisory

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-78 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection') NIST  

Known Affected Software Configurations Switch to CPE 2.2

Configuration 1 ( hide )
 cpe:2.3:o:netgear:nighthawk_x10-r9000_firmware:*:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)
Up to (excluding)
1.0.4.26
Running on/with
 cpe:2.3:h:netgear:nighthawk_x10-r9000:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)


Change History

1 change record found - show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2019-12511
NVD Published Date:
02/24/2020
NVD Last Modified:
03/03/2020