CVE-2021-28689 Detail

Current Description

x86: Speculative vulnerabilities with bare (non-shim) 32-bit PV guests 32-bit x86 PV guest kernels run in ring 1. At the time when Xen was developed, this area of the i386 architecture was rarely used, which is why Xen was able to use it to implement paravirtualisation, Xen's novel approach to virtualization. In AMD64, Xen had to use a different implementation approach, so Xen does not use ring 1 to support 64-bit guests. With the focus now being on 64-bit systems, and the availability of explicit hardware support for virtualization, fixing speculation issues in ring 1 is not a priority for processor companies. Indirect Branch Restricted Speculation (IBRS) is an architectural x86 extension put together to combat speculative execution sidechannel attacks, including Spectre v2. It was retrofitted in microcode to existing CPUs. For more details on Spectre v2, see: http://xenbits.xen.org/xsa/advisory-254.html However, IBRS does not architecturally protect ring 0 from predictions learnt in ring 1. For more details, see: https://software.intel.com/security-software-guidance/deep-dives/deep-dive-indirect-branch-restricted-speculation Similar situations may exist with other mitigations for other kinds of speculative execution attacks. The situation is quite likely to be similar for speculative execution attacks which have yet to be discovered, disclosed, or mitigated.


View Analysis Description

Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score:  5.5 MEDIUM
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N


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Note: NVD Analysts have published a CVSS score for this CVE based on publicly available information at the time of analysis. The CNA has not provided a score within the CVE List.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://xenbits.xenproject.org/xsa/advisory-370.txt Vendor Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-119 Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer cwe source acceptance level NIST  

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Change History

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Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2021-28689
NVD Published Date:
06/11/2021
NVD Last Modified:
06/24/2021
Source:
Xen Project