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CVE-2021-41158 Detail

Current Description

FreeSWITCH is a Software Defined Telecom Stack enabling the digital transformation from proprietary telecom switches to a software implementation that runs on any commodity hardware. Prior to version 1.10.7, an attacker can perform a SIP digest leak attack against FreeSWITCH and receive the challenge response of a gateway configured on the FreeSWITCH server. This is done by challenging FreeSWITCH's SIP requests with the realm set to that of the gateway, thus forcing FreeSWITCH to respond with the challenge response which is based on the password of that targeted gateway. Abuse of this vulnerability allows attackers to potentially recover gateway passwords by performing a fast offline password cracking attack on the challenge response. The attacker does not require special network privileges, such as the ability to sniff the FreeSWITCH's network traffic, to exploit this issue. Instead, what is required for this attack to work is the ability to cause the victim server to send SIP request messages to the malicious party. Additionally, to exploit this issue, the attacker needs to specify the correct realm which might in some cases be considered secret. However, because many gateways are actually public, this information can easily be retrieved. The vulnerability appears to be due to the code which handles challenges in `sofia_reg.c`, `sofia_reg_handle_sip_r_challenge()` which does not check if the challenge is originating from the actual gateway. The lack of these checks allows arbitrary UACs (and gateways) to challenge any request sent by FreeSWITCH with the realm of the gateway being targeted. This issue is patched in version 10.10.7. Maintainers recommend that one should create an association between a SIP session for each gateway and its realm to make a check be put into place for this association when responding to challenges.


View Analysis Description

Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score:  7.5 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N

Nist CVSS score does not match with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  5.8 MEDIUM
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:L/I:N/A:N


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: It is possible that the NVD CVSS may not match that of the CNA. The most common reason for this is that publicly available information does not provide sufficient detail or that information simply was not available at the time the CVSS vector string was assigned.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2021/Oct/40 Mailing List  Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/signalwire/freeswitch/releases/tag/v1.10.7 Release Notes  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/signalwire/freeswitch/security/advisories/GHSA-3v3f-99mv-qvj4 Exploit  Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-200 Exposure of Sensitive Information to an Unauthorized Actor Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

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Change History

2 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2021-41158
NVD Published Date:
10/26/2021
NVD Last Modified:
10/28/2021
Source:
GitHub, Inc.