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CVE-2021-45492 Detail

Current Description

In Sage 300 ERP (formerly accpac) through 6.8.x, the installer configures the C:\Sage\Sage300\Runtime directory to be the first entry in the system-wide PATH environment variable. However, this directory is writable by unprivileged users because the Sage installer fails to set explicit permissions and therefore inherits weak permissions from the C:\ folder. Because entries in the system-wide PATH variable are included in the search order for DLLs, an attacker could perform DLL search-order hijacking to escalate their privileges to SYSTEM. Furthermore, if the Global Search or Web Screens functionality is enabled, then privilege escalation is possible via the GlobalSearchService and Sage.CNA.WindowsService services, again via DLL search-order hijacking because unprivileged users would have modify permissions on the application directory. Note that while older versions of the software default to installing in %PROGRAMFILES(X86)% (which would allow the Sage folder to inherit strong permissions, making the installation not vulnerable), the official Sage 300 installation guides for those versions recommend installing in C:\Sage, which would make the installation vulnerable.


View Analysis Description

Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score:  7.8 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: NVD Analysts have published a CVSS score for this CVE based on publicly available information at the time of analysis. The CNA has not provided a score within the CVE List.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://controlgap.com/blog?tag=insecurity Third Party Advisory 
https://www.controlgap.com/blog/sage-300-case-study Exploit  Mitigation  Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-427 Uncontrolled Search Path Element cwe source acceptance level NIST  

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Change History

1 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2021-45492
NVD Published Date:
07/14/2022
NVD Last Modified:
07/28/2022
Source:
MITRE