U.S. flag   An official website of the United States government
Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Https

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock (Dot gov) or https:// means you've safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

NOTICE

NIST is currently working to establish a consortium to address challenges in the NVD program and develop improved tools and methods. You will temporarily see delays in analysis efforts during this transition. We apologize for the inconvenience and ask for your patience as we work to improve the NVD program.

CVE-2023-28321 Detail

Description

An improper certificate validation vulnerability exists in curl <v8.1.0 in the way it supports matching of wildcard patterns when listed as "Subject Alternative Name" in TLS server certificates. curl can be built to use its own name matching function for TLS rather than one provided by a TLS library. This private wildcard matching function would match IDN (International Domain Name) hosts incorrectly and could as a result accept patterns that otherwise should mismatch. IDN hostnames are converted to puny code before used for certificate checks. Puny coded names always start with `xn--` and should not be allowed to pattern match, but the wildcard check in curl could still check for `x*`, which would match even though the IDN name most likely contained nothing even resembling an `x`.


Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score:  5.9 MEDIUM
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: NVD Analysts have published a CVSS score for this CVE based on publicly available information at the time of analysis. The CNA has not provided a score within the CVE List.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

By selecting these links, you will be leaving NIST webspace. We have provided these links to other web sites because they may have information that would be of interest to you. No inferences should be drawn on account of other sites being referenced, or not, from this page. There may be other web sites that are more appropriate for your purpose. NIST does not necessarily endorse the views expressed, or concur with the facts presented on these sites. Further, NIST does not endorse any commercial products that may be mentioned on these sites. Please address comments about this page to nvd@nist.gov.

Hyperlink Resource
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2023/Jul/47 Mailing List  Third Party Advisory 
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2023/Jul/48 Mailing List  Third Party Advisory 
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2023/Jul/52 Mailing List  Third Party Advisory 
https://hackerone.com/reports/1950627 Exploit  Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://lists.debian.org/debian-lts-announce/2023/10/msg00016.html Mailing List  Third Party Advisory 
https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/package-announce%40lists.fedoraproject.org/message/F4I75RDGX5ULSSCBE5BF3P5I5SFO7ULQ/
https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/package-announce%40lists.fedoraproject.org/message/Z2LIWHWKOVH24COGGBCVOWDXXIUPKOMK/
https://security.gentoo.org/glsa/202310-12 Third Party Advisory 
https://security.netapp.com/advisory/ntap-20230609-0009/ Third Party Advisory 
https://support.apple.com/kb/HT213843 Third Party Advisory 
https://support.apple.com/kb/HT213844 Third Party Advisory 
https://support.apple.com/kb/HT213845 Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-295 Improper Certificate Validation cwe source acceptance level NIST   Reference acceptance level HackerOne  

Known Affected Software Configurations Switch to CPE 2.2

CPEs loading, please wait.

Denotes Vulnerable Software
Are we missing a CPE here? Please let us know.

Change History

12 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2023-28321
NVD Published Date:
05/26/2023
NVD Last Modified:
11/06/2023
Source:
HackerOne