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The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) publishes, ISO/IEC 19770-2, a standard for software identification (SWID) tags that defines a structured metadata format for describing a software product. A SWID tag document is composed of a structured set of data elements that identify the software product, characterize the product's version, the organizations and individuals that had a role in the production and distribution of the product, information about the artifacts that comprise a software product, relationships between software products, and other descriptive metadata. The information in a SWID tag provides software asset management and security tools with valuable information needed to automate the management of a software install across the software's deployment lifecycle. SWID tags support automation of software inventory as part of a software asset management (SAM) process, assessment of software vulnerabilities present on a computing device, detection of missing patches, targeting of configuration checklist assessments, software integrity checking, installation and execution whitelists/blacklists, and other security and operational use cases.
For more information on SWID tags, visit: https://csrc.nist.gov/projects/Software-Identification-SWID/