National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability
Database

CVE-2016-10142 Detail

Current Description

An issue was discovered in the IPv6 protocol specification, related to ICMP Packet Too Big (PTB) messages. (The scope of this CVE is all affected IPv6 implementations from all vendors.) The security implications of IP fragmentation have been discussed at length in [RFC6274] and [RFC7739]. An attacker can leverage the generation of IPv6 atomic fragments to trigger the use of fragmentation in an arbitrary IPv6 flow (in scenarios in which actual fragmentation of packets is not needed) and can subsequently perform any type of fragmentation-based attack against legacy IPv6 nodes that do not implement [RFC6946]. That is, employing fragmentation where not actually needed allows for fragmentation-based attack vectors to be employed, unnecessarily. We note that, unfortunately, even nodes that already implement [RFC6946] can be subject to DoS attacks as a result of the generation of IPv6 atomic fragments. Let us assume that Host A is communicating with Host B and that, as a result of the widespread dropping of IPv6 packets that contain extension headers (including fragmentation) [RFC7872], some intermediate node filters fragments between Host B and Host A. If an attacker sends a forged ICMPv6 PTB error message to Host B, reporting an MTU smaller than 1280, this will trigger the generation of IPv6 atomic fragments from that moment on (as required by [RFC2460]). When Host B starts sending IPv6 atomic fragments (in response to the received ICMPv6 PTB error message), these packets will be dropped, since we previously noted that IPv6 packets with extension headers were being dropped between Host B and Host A. Thus, this situation will result in a DoS scenario. Another possible scenario is that in which two BGP peers are employing IPv6 transport and they implement Access Control Lists (ACLs) to drop IPv6 fragments (to avoid control-plane attacks). If the aforementioned BGP peers drop IPv6 fragments but still honor received ICMPv6 PTB error messages, an attacker could easily attack the corresponding peering session by simply sending an ICMPv6 PTB message with a reported MTU smaller than 1280 bytes. Once the attack packet has been sent, the aforementioned routers will themselves be the ones dropping their own traffic.

Source:  MITRE
View Analysis Description

Impact

CVSS v3.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 8.6 HIGH
Vector: AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:N/I:N/A:H (V3.0 legend)
Impact Score: 4.0
Exploitability Score: 3.9


Attack Vector (AV): Network
Attack Complexity (AC): Low
Privileges Required (PR): None
User Interaction (UI): None
Scope (S): Changed
Confidentiality (C): None
Integrity (I): None
Availability (A): High

CVSS v2.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 5.0 MEDIUM
Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P) (V2 legend)
Impact Subscore: 2.9
Exploitability Subscore: 10.0


Access Vector (AV): Network
Access Complexity (AC): Low
Authentication (AU): None
Confidentiality (C): None
Integrity (I): None
Availability (A): Partial
Additional Information:
Allows disruption of service

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
http://rhn.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2017-0817.html
http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/95797
http://www.securitytracker.com/id/1038256
https://kb.pulsesecure.net/articles/Pulse_Security_Advisories/SA43730
https://support.f5.com/csp/article/K57211290?utm_source=f5support&utm_medium=RSS
https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-6man-deprecate-atomfrag-generation-08 Third Party Advisory
https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc8021 Third Party Advisory

Technical Details

Vulnerability Type (View All)

Known Affected Software Configurations Switch to CPE 2.2

Configuration 1 ( hide )
 cpe:2.3:a:ietf:ipv6:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)


Change History

6 change records found - show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2016-10142
NVD Published Date:
01/14/2017
NVD Last Modified:
05/10/2018