National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability
Database

CVE-2017-8415 Detail

Current Description

An issue was discovered on D-Link DCS-1100 and DCS-1130 devices. The device has a custom telnet daemon as a part of the busybox and retrieves the password from the shadow file using the function getspnam at address 0x00053894. Then performs a crypt operation on the password retrieved from the user at address 0x000538E0 and performs a strcmp at address 0x00053908 to check if the password is correct or incorrect. However, the /etc/shadow file is a part of CRAM-FS filesystem which means that the user cannot change the password and hence a hardcoded hash in /etc/shadow is used to match the credentials provided by the user. This is a salted hash of the string "admin" and hence it acts as a password to the device which cannot be changed as the whole filesystem is read only.

Source:  MITRE
View Analysis Description

Impact

CVSS v3.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 9.8 CRITICAL
Vector: AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H (V3 legend)
Impact Score: 5.9
Exploitability Score: 3.9


Attack Vector (AV): Network
Attack Complexity (AC): Low
Privileges Required (PR): None
User Interaction (UI): None
Scope (S): Unchanged
Confidentiality (C): High
Integrity (I): High
Availability (A): High

CVSS v2.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 10.0 HIGH
Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C) (V2 legend)
Impact Subscore: 10.0
Exploitability Subscore: 10.0


Access Vector (AV): Network
Access Complexity (AC): Low
Authentication (AU): None
Confidentiality (C): Complete
Integrity (I): Complete
Availability (A): Complete
Additional Information:
Allows unauthorized disclosure of information
Allows unauthorized modification
Allows disruption of service

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/153226/Dlink-DCS-1130-Command-Injection-CSRF-Stack-Overflow.html Third Party Advisory VDB Entry
https://github.com/ethanhunnt/IoT_vulnerabilities/blob/master/Dlink_DCS_1130_security.pdf Not Applicable Third Party Advisory
https://seclists.org/bugtraq/2019/Jun/8 Mailing List Third Party Advisory

Technical Details

Vulnerability Type (View All)

  • Use of Hard-coded Credentials (CWE-798)

Known Affected Software Configurations Switch to CPE 2.2

Configuration 1 ( hide )
 cpe:2.3:o:dlink:dcs-1130_firmware:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)
Running on/with
 cpe:2.3:h:dlink:dcs-1130:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)

Configuration 2 ( hide )
 cpe:2.3:o:dlink:dcs-1100_firmware:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)
Running on/with
 cpe:2.3:h:dlink:dcs-1100:-:*:*:*:*:*:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)


Change History

1 change record found - show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2017-8415
NVD Published Date:
07/02/2019
NVD Last Modified:
07/10/2019