National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability Database

National Vulnerability
Database

CVE-2018-7311 Detail

Current Description

** DISPUTED ** PrivateVPN 2.0.31 for macOS suffers from a root privilege escalation vulnerability. The software installs a privileged helper tool that runs as the root user. This privileged helper tool is installed as a LaunchDaemon and implements an XPC service. The XPC service is responsible for handling new VPN connection operations via the main PrivateVPN application. The privileged helper tool creates new VPN connections by executing the openvpn binary located in the /Applications/PrivateVPN.app/Contents/Resources directory. The openvpn binary can be overwritten by the default user, which allows an attacker that has already installed malicious software as the default user to replace the binary. When a new VPN connection is established, the privileged helper tool will launch this malicious binary, thus allowing an attacker to execute code as the root user. NOTE: the vendor has reportedly indicated that this behavior is "an acceptable part of their software."

Source:  MITRE
View Analysis Description

Impact

CVSS v3.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 8.8 HIGH
Vector: AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H (V3 legend)
Impact Score: 5.9
Exploitability Score: 2.8


Attack Vector (AV): Network
Attack Complexity (AC): Low
Privileges Required (PR): Low
User Interaction (UI): None
Scope (S): Unchanged
Confidentiality (C): High
Integrity (I): High
Availability (A): High

CVSS v2.0 Severity and Metrics:

Base Score: 9.0 HIGH
Vector: (AV:N/AC:L/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C) (V2 legend)
Impact Subscore: 10.0
Exploitability Subscore: 8.0


Access Vector (AV): Network
Access Complexity (AC): Low
Authentication (AU): Single
Confidentiality (C): Complete
Integrity (I): Complete
Availability (A): Complete
Additional Information:
Allows unauthorized disclosure of information
Allows unauthorized modification
Allows disruption of service

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://gist.github.com/anonymous/cfc3f3419804b22ee9e82ee8d16a661d Third Party Advisory
https://github.com/VerSprite/research/blob/eba22c8b506be6f7128ef5356281915d5667bfff/advisories/VS-2018-004.md Third Party Advisory
https://github.com/VerSprite/research/blob/master/advisories/VS-2018-004.md Third Party Advisory

Technical Details

Vulnerability Type (View All)

  • Permissions, Privileges, and Access Control (CWE-264)

Known Affected Software Configurations Switch to CPE 2.2

Configuration 1 ( hide )
 cpe:2.3:a:privatevpn:privatevpn:2.0.31:*:*:*:*:mac_os:*:*
     Show Matching CPE(s)


Change History

3 change records found - show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2018-7311
NVD Published Date:
02/21/2018
NVD Last Modified:
03/18/2018