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CVE-2019-18424 Detail

Description

An issue was discovered in Xen through 4.12.x allowing attackers to gain host OS privileges via DMA in a situation where an untrusted domain has access to a physical device. This occurs because passed through PCI devices may corrupt host memory after deassignment. When a PCI device is assigned to an untrusted domain, it is possible for that domain to program the device to DMA to an arbitrary address. The IOMMU is used to protect the host from malicious DMA by making sure that the device addresses can only target memory assigned to the guest. However, when the guest domain is torn down, or the device is deassigned, the device is assigned back to dom0, thus allowing any in-flight DMA to potentially target critical host data. An untrusted domain with access to a physical device can DMA into host memory, leading to privilege escalation. Only systems where guests are given direct access to physical devices capable of DMA (PCI pass-through) are vulnerable. Systems which do not use PCI pass-through are not vulnerable.


Severity



CVSS 4.0 Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
N/A
NVD assessment not yet provided.


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: NVD Analysts have not published a CVSS score for this CVE at this time. NVD Analysts use publicly available information at the time of analysis to associate CVSS vector strings.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
http://lists.opensuse.org/opensuse-security-announce/2019-11/msg00037.html Mailing List  Third Party Advisory 
http://www.openwall.com/lists/oss-security/2019/10/31/6 Mailing List  Mitigation  Third Party Advisory 
http://xenbits.xen.org/xsa/advisory-302.html Mitigation  Patch  Vendor Advisory 
https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/package-announce%40lists.fedoraproject.org/message/2BQKX7M2RHCWDBKNPX4KEBI3MJIH6AYZ/
https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/package-announce%40lists.fedoraproject.org/message/I5WWPW4BSZDDW7VHU427XTVXV7ROOFFW/
https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/package-announce%40lists.fedoraproject.org/message/IZYATWNUGHRBG6I3TC24YHP5Y3J7I6KH/
https://seclists.org/bugtraq/2020/Jan/21 Mailing List  Third Party Advisory 
https://security.gentoo.org/glsa/202003-56 Third Party Advisory 
https://www.debian.org/security/2020/dsa-4602 Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-78 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection') cwe source acceptance level NIST  

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Change History

12 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2019-18424
NVD Published Date:
10/31/2019
NVD Last Modified:
11/06/2023
Source:
MITRE