CVE-2020-5247 Detail

Current Description

In Puma (RubyGem) before 4.3.2 and before 3.12.3, if an application using Puma allows untrusted input in a response header, an attacker can use newline characters (i.e. `CR`, `LF` or`/r`, `/n`) to end the header and inject malicious content, such as additional headers or an entirely new response body. This vulnerability is known as HTTP Response Splitting. While not an attack in itself, response splitting is a vector for several other attacks, such as cross-site scripting (XSS). This is related to CVE-2019-16254, which fixed this vulnerability for the WEBrick Ruby web server. This has been fixed in versions 4.3.2 and 3.12.3 by checking all headers for line endings and rejecting headers with those characters.


View Analysis Description

Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score:  7.5 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:N

Nist CVSS score does not match with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  6.5 MEDIUM
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:L


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: It is possible that the NVD CVSS may not match that of the CNA. The most common reason for this is that publicly available information does not provide sufficient detail or that information simply was not available at the time the CVSS vector string was assigned.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

By selecting these links, you will be leaving NIST webspace. We have provided these links to other web sites because they may have information that would be of interest to you. No inferences should be drawn on account of other sites being referenced, or not, from this page. There may be other web sites that are more appropriate for your purpose. NIST does not necessarily endorse the views expressed, or concur with the facts presented on these sites. Further, NIST does not endorse any commercial products that may be mentioned on these sites. Please address comments about this page to nvd@nist.gov.

Hyperlink Resource
https://github.com/puma/puma/security/advisories/GHSA-84j7-475p-hp8v Mitigation  Third Party Advisory 
https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/package-announce@lists.fedoraproject.org/message/BMJ3CGZ3DLBJ5WUUKMI5ZFXFJQMXJZIK/
https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/package-announce@lists.fedoraproject.org/message/DIHVO3CQMU7BZC7FCTSRJ33YDNS3GFPK/
https://lists.fedoraproject.org/archives/list/package-announce@lists.fedoraproject.org/message/NJ3LL5F5QADB6LM46GXZETREAKZMQNRD/
https://owasp.org/www-community/attacks/HTTP_Response_Splitting Third Party Advisory 
https://www.ruby-lang.org/en/news/2019/10/01/http-response-splitting-in-webrick-cve-2019-16254 Vendor Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-74 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements in Output Used by a Downstream Component ('Injection') cwe source acceptance level NIST  
CWE-113 Improper Neutralization of CRLF Sequences in HTTP Headers ('HTTP Response Splitting') Reference acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

Known Affected Software Configurations Switch to CPE 2.2

CPEs loading, please wait.

Denotes Vulnerable Software
Are we missing a CPE here? Please let us know.

Change History

4 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2020-5247
NVD Published Date:
02/28/2020
NVD Last Modified:
04/09/2020
Source:
GitHub, Inc.