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CVE-2021-29475 Detail

Current Description

HedgeDoc (formerly known as CodiMD) is an open-source collaborative markdown editor. An attacker is able to receive arbitrary files from the file system when exporting a note to PDF. Since the code injection has to take place as note content, there fore this exploit requires the attackers ability to modify a note. This will affect all instances, which have pdf export enabled. This issue has been fixed by https://github.com/hedgedoc/hedgedoc/commit/c1789474020a6d668d616464cb2da5e90e123f65 and is available in version 1.5.0. Starting the CodiMD/HedgeDoc instance with `CMD_ALLOW_PDF_EXPORT=false` or set `"allowPDFExport": false` in config.json can mitigate this issue for those who cannot upgrade. This exploit works because while PhantomJS doesn't actually render the `file:///` references to the PDF file itself, it still uses them internally, and exfiltration is possible, and easy through JavaScript rendering. The impact is pretty bad, as the attacker is able to read the CodiMD/HedgeDoc `config.json` file as well any other files on the filesystem. Even though the suggested Docker deploy option doesn't have many interesting files itself, the `config.json` still often contains sensitive information, database credentials, and maybe OAuth secrets among other things.


View Analysis Description

Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score matches with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  10.0 CRITICAL
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:N


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: The NVD and the CNA have provided the same score. When this occurs only the CNA information is displayed, but the Acceptance Level icon for the CNA is given a checkmark to signify NVD concurrence.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://github.com/hedgedoc/hedgedoc/commit/c1789474020a6d668d616464cb2da5e90e123f65 Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/hedgedoc/hedgedoc/security/advisories/GHSA-pxxg-px9v-6qf3 Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-94 Improper Control of Generation of Code ('Code Injection') cwe source acceptance level NIST   Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  
CWE-918 Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF) cwe source acceptance level NIST   Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

Known Affected Software Configurations Switch to CPE 2.2

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Change History

1 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2021-29475
NVD Published Date:
04/26/2021
NVD Last Modified:
05/14/2021
Source:
GitHub, Inc.