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CVE-2021-37713 Detail

Current Description

The npm package "tar" (aka node-tar) before versions 4.4.18, 5.0.10, and 6.1.9 has an arbitrary file creation/overwrite and arbitrary code execution vulnerability. node-tar aims to guarantee that any file whose location would be outside of the extraction target directory is not extracted. This is, in part, accomplished by sanitizing absolute paths of entries within the archive, skipping archive entries that contain `..` path portions, and resolving the sanitized paths against the extraction target directory. This logic was insufficient on Windows systems when extracting tar files that contained a path that was not an absolute path, but specified a drive letter different from the extraction target, such as `C:some\path`. If the drive letter does not match the extraction target, for example `D:\extraction\dir`, then the result of `path.resolve(extractionDirectory, entryPath)` would resolve against the current working directory on the `C:` drive, rather than the extraction target directory. Additionally, a `..` portion of the path could occur immediately after the drive letter, such as `C:../foo`, and was not properly sanitized by the logic that checked for `..` within the normalized and split portions of the path. This only affects users of `node-tar` on Windows systems. These issues were addressed in releases 4.4.18, 5.0.10 and 6.1.9. The v3 branch of node-tar has been deprecated and did not receive patches for these issues. If you are still using a v3 release we recommend you update to a more recent version of node-tar. There is no reasonable way to work around this issue without performing the same path normalization procedures that node-tar now does. Users are encouraged to upgrade to the latest patched versions of node-tar, rather than attempt to sanitize paths themselves.


View Analysis Description

Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score:  8.6 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H

Nist CVSS score does not match with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  8.2 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:N


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: It is possible that the NVD CVSS may not match that of the CNA. The most common reason for this is that publicly available information does not provide sufficient detail or that information simply was not available at the time the CVSS vector string was assigned.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://cert-portal.siemens.com/productcert/pdf/ssa-389290.pdf Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/npm/node-tar/security/advisories/GHSA-5955-9wpr-37jh Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://www.npmjs.com/package/tar Product  Third Party Advisory 
https://www.oracle.com/security-alerts/cpuoct2021.html Patch  Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-22 Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal') cwe source acceptance level NIST   Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

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Change History

5 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2021-37713
NVD Published Date:
08/31/2021
NVD Last Modified:
04/25/2022
Source:
GitHub, Inc.