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CVE-2021-39180 Detail

Current Description

OpenOLAT is a web-based learning management system (LMS). A path traversal vulnerability exists in versions prior to 15.3.18, 15.5.3, and 16.0.0. Using a specially prepared ZIP file, it is possible to overwrite any file that is writable by the application server user (e.g. the tomcat user). Depending on the configuration this can be limited to files of the OpenOlat user data directory, however, if not properly set up, the attack could also be used to overwrite application server config files, java code or even operating system files. The attack could be used to corrupt or modify any OpenOlat file such as course structures, config files or temporary test data. Those attack would require in-depth knowledge of the installation and thus more theoretical. If the app server configuration allows the execution of jsp files and the path to the context is known, it is also possible to execute java code. If the app server runs with the same user that is used to deploy the OpenOlat code or has write permissions on the OpenOlat code files and the path to the context is know, code injection is possible. The attack requires an OpenOlat user account to upload a ZIP file and trigger the unzip method. It can not be exploited by unregistered users. The problem is fixed in versions 15.3.18, 15.5.3 and 16.0.0. There are no known workarounds aside from upgrading.


View Analysis Description

Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score:  8.8 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Nist CVSS score does not match with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  8.1 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:H


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: It is possible that the NVD CVSS may not match that of the CNA. The most common reason for this is that publicly available information does not provide sufficient detail or that information simply was not available at the time the CVSS vector string was assigned.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://github.com/OpenOLAT/OpenOLAT/commit/2cf73c972e23ccd69cc1e103e43c2c8253571d3e Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/OpenOLAT/OpenOLAT/commit/5668a41ab3f1753102a89757be013487544279d5 Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/OpenOLAT/OpenOLAT/commit/699490be8e931af0ef1f135c55384db1f4232637 Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/OpenOLAT/OpenOLAT/security/advisories/GHSA-x95v-2pgj-9x8j Third Party Advisory 
https://jira.openolat.org/browse/OO-5549 Permissions Required  Vendor Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-22 Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal') cwe source acceptance level NIST   Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

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Change History

1 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2021-39180
NVD Published Date:
08/31/2021
NVD Last Modified:
09/09/2021
Source:
GitHub, Inc.