CVE-2021-41136 Detail

Current Description

Puma is a HTTP 1.1 server for Ruby/Rack applications. Prior to versions 5.5.1 and 4.3.9, using `puma` with a proxy which forwards HTTP header values which contain the LF character could allow HTTP request smugggling. A client could smuggle a request through a proxy, causing the proxy to send a response back to another unknown client. The only proxy which has this behavior, as far as the Puma team is aware of, is Apache Traffic Server. If the proxy uses persistent connections and the client adds another request in via HTTP pipelining, the proxy may mistake it as the first request's body. Puma, however, would see it as two requests, and when processing the second request, send back a response that the proxy does not expect. If the proxy has reused the persistent connection to Puma to send another request for a different client, the second response from the first client will be sent to the second client. This vulnerability was patched in Puma 5.5.1 and 4.3.9. As a workaround, do not use Apache Traffic Server with `puma`.


View Analysis Description

Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score:  4.6 MEDIUM
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:N

Nist CVSS score does not match with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  3.7 LOW
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:N


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: It is possible that the NVD CVSS may not match that of the CNA. The most common reason for this is that publicly available information does not provide sufficient detail or that information simply was not available at the time the CVSS vector string was assigned.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://github.com/puma/puma/commit/acdc3ae571dfae0e045cf09a295280127db65c7f Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/puma/puma/security/advisories/GHSA-48w2-rm65-62xx Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-444 Inconsistent Interpretation of HTTP Requests ('HTTP Request Smuggling') Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

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Change History

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Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2021-41136
NVD Published Date:
10/12/2021
NVD Last Modified:
10/19/2021
Source:
GitHub, Inc.