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CVE-2022-31104 Detail

Current Description

Wasmtime is a standalone runtime for WebAssembly. In affected versions wasmtime's implementation of the SIMD proposal for WebAssembly on x86_64 contained two distinct bugs in the instruction lowerings implemented in Cranelift. The aarch64 implementation of the simd proposal is not affected. The bugs were presented in the `i8x16.swizzle` and `select` WebAssembly instructions. The `select` instruction is only affected when the inputs are of `v128` type. The correspondingly affected Cranelift instructions were `swizzle` and `select`. The `swizzle` instruction lowering in Cranelift erroneously overwrote the mask input register which could corrupt a constant value, for example. This means that future uses of the same constant may see a different value than the constant itself. The `select` instruction lowering in Cranelift wasn't correctly implemented for vector types that are 128-bits wide. When the condition was 0 the wrong instruction was used to move the correct input to the output of the instruction meaning that only the low 32 bits were moved and the upper 96 bits of the result were left as whatever the register previously contained (instead of the input being moved from). The `select` instruction worked correctly if the condition was nonzero, however. This bug in Wasmtime's implementation of these instructions on x86_64 represents an incorrect implementation of the specified semantics of these instructions according to the WebAssembly specification. The impact of this is benign for hosts running WebAssembly but represents possible vulnerabilities within the execution of a guest program. For example a WebAssembly program could take unintended branches or materialize incorrect values internally which runs the risk of exposing the program itself to other related vulnerabilities which can occur from miscompilations. We have released Wasmtime 0.38.1 and cranelift-codegen (and other associated cranelift crates) 0.85.1 which contain the corrected implementations of these two instructions in Cranelift. If upgrading is not an option for you at this time, you can avoid the vulnerability by disabling the Wasm simd proposal. Additionally the bug is only present on x86_64 hosts. Other aarch64 hosts are not affected. Note that s390x hosts don't yet implement the simd proposal and are not affected.


View Analysis Description

Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score:  5.6 MEDIUM
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:L

Nist CVSS score does not match with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  4.8 MEDIUM
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:L/A:L


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: It is possible that the NVD CVSS may not match that of the CNA. The most common reason for this is that publicly available information does not provide sufficient detail or that information simply was not available at the time the CVSS vector string was assigned.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://docs.rs/wasmtime/latest/wasmtime/struct.Config.html#method.wasm_simd Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/bytecodealliance/wasmtime/pull/4317 Issue Tracking  Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/bytecodealliance/wasmtime/pull/4318 Issue Tracking  Patch  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/bytecodealliance/wasmtime/security/advisories/GHSA-jqwc-c49r-4w2x Mitigation  Third Party Advisory 
https://github.com/webassembly/simd Third Party Advisory 
https://webassembly.github.io/spec/ Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-682 Incorrect Calculation Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

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Change History

1 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2022-31104
NVD Published Date:
06/27/2022
NVD Last Modified:
07/08/2022
Source:
GitHub, Inc.