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CVE-2023-31128 Detail


NextCloud Cookbook is a recipe library app. Prior to commit a46d9855 on the `master` branch and commit 489bb744 on the `main-0.9.x` branch, the `pull-checks.yml` workflow is vulnerable to command injection attacks because of using an untrusted `github.head_ref` field. The `github.head_ref` value is an attacker-controlled value. Assigning the value to `zzz";echo${IFS}"hello";#` can lead to command injection. Since the permission is not restricted, the attacker has a write-access to the repository. This issue is fixed in commit a46d9855 on the `master` branch and commit 489bb744 on the `main-0.9.x` branch. There is no risk for the user of the app within the NextCloud server. This only affects the main repository and possible forks of it. Those who have forked the NextCloud Cookbook repository should make sure their forks are on the latest version to prevent code injection attacks and similar.


CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

Base Score:  8.8 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Nist CVSS score does not match with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  8.1 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:H

NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: It is possible that the NVD CVSS may not match that of the CNA. The most common reason for this is that publicly available information does not provide sufficient detail or that information simply was not available at the time the CVSS vector string was assigned.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://github.com/nextcloud/cookbook/blob/a14d6ffc4d45e1447556f68606129dfd6c1505cf/.github/workflows/pull-checks.yml#L67 Product 
https://github.com/nextcloud/cookbook/commit/489bb744 Patch 
https://github.com/nextcloud/cookbook/commit/a46d98559e2c64292da9ffb06138cccc2e50ae1b Patch 
https://github.com/nextcloud/cookbook/security/advisories/GHSA-c5pc-mf2f-xq8h Vendor Advisory 
https://securitylab.github.com/research/github-actions-untrusted-input/ Exploit  Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-78 Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection') cwe source acceptance level NIST   Contributor acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

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Change History

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Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
NVD Published Date:
NVD Last Modified:
GitHub, Inc.