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CVE-2023-41337 Detail


h2o is an HTTP server with support for HTTP/1.x, HTTP/2 and HTTP/3. In version 2.3.0-beta2 and prior, when h2o is configured to listen to multiple addresses or ports with each of them using different backend servers managed by multiple entities, a malicious backend entity that also has the opportunity to observe or inject packets exchanged between the client and h2o may misdirect HTTPS requests going to other backends and observe the contents of that HTTPS request being sent. The attack involves a victim client trying to resume a TLS connection and an attacker redirecting the packets to a different address or port than that intended by the client. The attacker must already have been configured by the administrator of h2o to act as a backend to one of the addresses or ports that the h2o instance listens to. Session IDs and tickets generated by h2o are not bound to information specific to the server address, port, or the X.509 certificate, and therefore it is possible for an attacker to force the victim connection to wrongfully resume against a different server address or port on which the same h2o instance is listening. Once a TLS session is misdirected to resume to a server address / port that is configured to use an attacker-controlled server as the backend, depending on the configuration, HTTPS requests from the victim client may be forwarded to the attacker's server. An H2O instance is vulnerable to this attack only if the instance is configured to listen to different addresses or ports using the listen directive at the host level and the instance is configured to connect to backend servers managed by multiple entities. A patch is available at commit 35760540337a47e5150da0f4a66a609fad2ef0ab. As a workaround, one may stop using using host-level listen directives in favor of global-level ones.


CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

Base Score:  6.7 MEDIUM
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:A/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N

Nist CVSS score does not match with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  6.1 MEDIUM
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:A/AC:H/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N

NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: It is possible that the NVD CVSS may not match that of the CNA. The most common reason for this is that publicly available information does not provide sufficient detail or that information simply was not available at the time the CVSS vector string was assigned.

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Hyperlink Resource
https://github.com/h2o/h2o/commit/35760540337a47e5150da0f4a66a609fad2ef0ab Patch 
https://github.com/h2o/h2o/security/advisories/GHSA-5v5r-rghf-rm6q Mitigation  Patch  Vendor Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-347 Improper Verification of Cryptographic Signature Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

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Change History

2 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
NVD Published Date:
NVD Last Modified:
GitHub, Inc.