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CVE-2023-45868 Detail

Description

The Learning Module in ILIAS 7.25 (2023-09-12 release) allows an attacker (with basic user privileges) to achieve a high-impact Directory Traversal attack on confidentiality and availability. By exploiting this network-based vulnerability, the attacker can move specified directories, normally outside the documentRoot, to a publicly accessible location via the PHP function rename(). This results in a total loss of confidentiality, exposing sensitive resources, and potentially denying access to the affected component and the operating system's components. To exploit this, an attacker must manipulate a POST request during the creation of an exercise unit, by modifying the old_name and new_name parameters via directory traversal. However, it's essential to note that, when exploiting this vulnerability, the specified directory will be relocated from its original location, rendering all files obtained from there unavailable.


Severity



CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score
NIST: NVD
Base Score:  8.1 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:H


NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: NVD Analysts have published a CVSS score for this CVE based on publicly available information at the time of analysis. The CNA has not provided a score within the CVE List.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://rehmeinfosec.de Third Party Advisory 
https://rehmeinfosec.de/labor/cve-2023-45867 Exploit  Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-22 Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal') cwe source acceptance level NIST  

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Change History

2 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
CVE-2023-45868
NVD Published Date:
10/26/2023
NVD Last Modified:
02/22/2024
Source:
MITRE