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CVE-2023-47115 Detail


Label Studio is an a popular open source data labeling tool. Versions prior to 1.9.2 have a cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability that could be exploited when an authenticated user uploads a crafted image file for their avatar that gets rendered as a HTML file on the website. Executing arbitrary JavaScript could result in an attacker performing malicious actions on Label Studio users if they visit the crafted avatar image. For an example, an attacker can craft a JavaScript payload that adds a new Django Super Administrator user if a Django administrator visits the image. The file `users/functions.py` lines 18-49 show that the only verification check is that the file is an image by extracting the dimensions from the file. Label Studio serves avatar images using Django's built-in `serve` view, which is not secure for production use according to Django's documentation. The issue with the Django `serve` view is that it determines the `Content-Type` of the response by the file extension in the URL path. Therefore, an attacker can upload an image that contains malicious HTML code and name the file with a `.html` extension to be rendered as a HTML page. The only file extension validation is performed on the client-side, which can be easily bypassed. Version 1.9.2 fixes this issue. Other remediation strategies include validating the file extension on the server side, not in client-side code; removing the use of Django's `serve` view and implement a secure controller for viewing uploaded avatar images; saving file content in the database rather than on the filesystem to mitigate against other file related vulnerabilities; and avoiding trusting user controlled inputs.


CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

Base Score:  5.4 MEDIUM
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N

Nist CVSS score does not match with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  7.1 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:L

NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: It is possible that the NVD CVSS may not match that of the CNA. The most common reason for this is that publicly available information does not provide sufficient detail or that information simply was not available at the time the CVSS vector string was assigned.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/4.2/ref/views/#serving-files-in-development Not Applicable 
https://github.com/HumanSignal/label-studio/blob/1.8.2/label_studio/users/functions.py#L18-L49 Product 
https://github.com/HumanSignal/label-studio/blob/1.8.2/label_studio/users/urls.py#L25-L26 Product 
https://github.com/HumanSignal/label-studio/commit/a7a71e594f32ec4af8f3f800d5ccb8662e275da3 Patch 
https://github.com/HumanSignal/label-studio/security/advisories/GHSA-q68h-xwq5-mm7x Exploit  Third Party Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-79 Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting') cwe source acceptance level NIST   Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

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Change History

2 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
NVD Published Date:
NVD Last Modified:
GitHub, Inc.