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CVE-2023-50730 Detail


Grackle is a GraphQL server written in functional Scala, built on the Typelevel stack. The GraphQL specification requires that GraphQL fragments must not form cycles, either directly or indirectly. Prior to Grackle version 0.18.0, that requirement wasn't checked, and queries with cyclic fragments would have been accepted for type checking and compilation. The attempted compilation of such fragments would result in a JVM `StackOverflowError` being thrown. Some knowledge of an applications GraphQL schema would be required to construct such a query, however no knowledge of any application-specific performance or other behavioural characteristics would be needed. Grackle uses the cats-parse library for parsing GraphQL queries. Prior to version 0.18.0, Grackle made use of the cats-parse `recursive` operator. However, `recursive` is not currently stack safe. `recursive` was used in three places in the parser: nested selection sets, nested input values (lists and objects), and nested list type declarations. Consequently, queries with deeply nested selection sets, input values or list types could be constructed which exploited this, causing a JVM `StackOverflowException` to be thrown during parsing. Because this happens very early in query processing, no specific knowledge of an applications GraphQL schema would be required to construct such a query. The possibility of small queries resulting in stack overflow is a potential denial of service vulnerability. This potentially affects all applications using Grackle which have untrusted users. Both stack overflow issues have been resolved in the v0.18.0 release of Grackle. As a workaround, users could interpose a sanitizing layer in between untrusted input and Grackle query processing.


CVSS 3.x Severity and Metrics:

NIST CVSS score matches with CNA score
CNA:  GitHub, Inc.
Base Score:  7.5 HIGH
Vector:  CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H

NVD Analysts use publicly available information to associate vector strings and CVSS scores. We also display any CVSS information provided within the CVE List from the CNA.

Note: The NVD and the CNA have provided the same score. When this occurs only the CNA information is displayed, but the Acceptance Level icon for the CNA is given a checkmark to signify NVD concurrence.

References to Advisories, Solutions, and Tools

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Hyperlink Resource
https://github.com/typelevel/grackle/commit/56e244b91659cf385df590fc6c46695b6f36cbfd Patch 
https://github.com/typelevel/grackle/releases/tag/v0.18.0 Release Notes 
https://github.com/typelevel/grackle/security/advisories/GHSA-g56x-7j6w-g8r8 Vendor Advisory 

Weakness Enumeration

CWE-ID CWE Name Source
CWE-770 Allocation of Resources Without Limits or Throttling Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  
CWE-400 Uncontrolled Resource Consumption Provider acceptance level GitHub, Inc.  

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Change History

2 change records found show changes

Quick Info

CVE Dictionary Entry:
NVD Published Date:
NVD Last Modified:
GitHub, Inc.